Record

LevelFonds
Finding Number (Click this to view full catalogue structure)BATOD
TitleBritish Association of Teachers of the Deaf archive
Extent41 archive boxes
Date1885-2021
DescriptionRecords of the British Association of Teachers of the Deaf and predecessor organisations. Including minutes and meeting papers, 1885-2014; account books, 1885-1940; examination results, 1885-1907; registers of teachers; general correspondence, 1885-1916; Joint Examinations Board correspondence, 1902-1920; miscellaneous items, 1887-1917 and publications, 1885-2020.

Publications include: The Teacher of the Deaf, Journal of the National College of Teachers of the Deaf, 1947-1976 (complete from volume 48, 1950); Journal of the Society of Teachers of the Deaf, 1968-1976; Journal of the British Association of Teachers of the Deaf, 1977-2004 (titled 'The Teacher of the Deaf', 1977-1983; 'Deafness and Education', 1997-1998; 'Deafness & Education International', 1999-2004 and 2018-2019) and incorporating the Association magazine up to 1987 (an incomplete sequence); the magazine of the British Association of Teachers of the Deaf, 1988-2021 (an incomplete sequence); the newsletter of the British Association of Teachers of the Deaf, 2013-2014; also various printed reports, memoranda, programmes, leaflets etc 1912-2001.
ArrangementThe collection is arranged chronologically and divided into categories reflecting the key stages in development represented in the archive:
/1 College of Teachers of the Deaf and Dumb
/2 Association of Teachers of the Deaf and Dumb
/3 National Association of Teachers of the Deaf
/4 Joint Examination Board
/5 National College of Teachers of the Deaf
/6 British Association of Teachers of the Deaf
Access Conditions11 boxes of material received in 2007 are not yet available for research as they are awaiting processing. Please contact the Archivist for more information.
LanguageEnglish
Finding AidsA paper handlist to file and item level is available in Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections, or view the handlist as a PDF file (revised January 2015) by clicking in the document field below.
DocumentBATOD.pdf
Access StatusOpen, but subject to some access restrictions
Physical DescriptionThe original deposit comprised records of the College of Teachers of the Deaf and Dumb, the Joint Examinations Board, the National College of Teachers of the Deaf and the British Association of Teachers of the Deaf. In order to continue the chronological system of arrangement used when the papers were received in 1993, some of the record series were re-numbered when records of predecessor bodies not previously represented in the archive were deposited in 2013 (the Association of Teachers of the Deaf and Dumb and National Association of Teachers of the Deaf). Previous finding numbers are given in the handlist.

National Association of Teachers of the Deaf: Executive Committee minutes 5 October 1895-12 June 1897 spine partially missing; National College of Teachers of the Deaf Executive Committee minutes April 1930-18 September 1937 spine missing and evidence of some water damage on the lower half of the volume. Some minutes are fixed in with seloptape which has caused discolouration to the pages; the seloptape is peeling away from page surfaces and consequently a few pages are partially stuck together.
Administrative HistoryIn the late nineteenth century there was little formal education provision for hearing-impaired children. The education available, largely through the work of charitable organisations, was often limited in content and difficult to obtain. Dr Richard Elliott (1836-1923), a pioneer in the education of the hearing-impaired, believed that the academic potential of deaf children was consequently not being fully realised and that it was necessary to 'ensure a supply of teachers of knowledge, experience and ability' if the situation was to be vastly improved. Although some teachers of the deaf at that time held specialised qualifications, these were generally unrecognised by the government and the wider teaching community. Thus in 1885, Elliot founded the College of Teachers of the Deaf and Dumb (CTDD) in order to establish and administer an officially recognised diploma for teachers, generally based in schools, of hearing-impaired children. The CTDD was not the only institution to award this type of diploma. In 1907, therefore, following negotiations between the CTDD, the Society for Training Teachers of the Deaf and for the Diffusion of the German System, and the Association for the Oral Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb, the Joint Examination Board was formed. The three colleges remained as separate entities, but a single, unified diploma was introduced. In 1918 the CTDD merged with the National Association of Teachers of the Deaf and was renamed the National College of Teachers of the Deaf (NCTD). After a split in 1959 when a break-away group formed the Society of Teachers of the Deaf (STD), the two bodies reunited in 1976 to become the British Association of Teachers of the Deaf (BATOD).

1885 College of Teachers of the Deaf and Dumb founded
1894 Association of Teachers of the Deaf and Dumb formed
1895 National Association of Teachers of the Deaf formed from amalgamation of the Committee of a 'Conference of Head Masters and Others' held in London, July 1895 with the Association of Teachers of the Deaf and Dumb, and other representatives
1907 Joint Examination Board created
1918 National College of Teachers of the Deaf formed from merger of the National Association of Teachers of the Deaf with College of Teachers of the Deaf and Dumb
1959 Society of Teachers of the Deaf formed as a breakaway group from the National College of Teachers of the Deaf
1979 British Association of Teachers of the Deaf formed through merger between National College of Teachers of the Deaf and the Society of Teachers of the Deaf

Source: the minutes; deposit file papers
AcquisitionThis collection was originally deposited by the British Association of Teachers of the Deaf with the University of Birmingham's School of Education in 1993; it was transferred to Special Collections (now Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections) in 1999; further accruals have since been received. A number of additions to the archive have also been received from John Rylands Library, University of Manchester, including 18 volumes of minutes and an account book of the National College of Teachers of the Deaf 1917-1940; please ask staff for details.
CopiesMinutes of the National Executive Council (NEC) of BATOD from 2008 onwards are available online to members through the BATOD website at http://www.batod.org.uk.