Finding Number (Click this to view full catalogue structure)CMS/B/OMS/C1
TitleNorth-West Canada mission
Extent53 vols. of letter-books, mission books and precis books, 12 boxes of original papers and 2932 docs. (including journals)
DescriptionPre- and post-1880 papers of the North-West Canada mission.
Access StatusOpen
Physical DescriptionPre-1880 papers of the North-West Canada mission [known as North-West America before 1896], Under the Committee of Correspondence [C]. The post-1880 papers are each individually marked in red ink. This number, plus the year, constitutes the reference for each item [e.g. G1 C1/1886/54]. G1 C1 is missing hundreds of numbers [consult in-house finding aid for details].
Administrative HistoryCMS work in Canada began in 1822 and was primarily amongst the Indians and Eskimos. The main stations were: Red River Settlement (Winnipeg) (1822), The Pas, Manitoba (1840), Lac la Ronge (Stanley), Saskatchewan (1852), Fort Simpson, North West Territories (1858) and York Factory, Manitoba (1854). Work in the Arctic amongst the Eskimos was handed over to the Canadian Church in 1907. From 1903 CMS made annually decreasing grants for the support of a locally appointed ministry and all work was finally handed over to the Missionary Society of the Canadian Church in 1920.
Custodial HistoryPapers catalogued by Rosemary A. Keen.
CopiesMicrofilm: Adam Matthew Publications, Church Missionary Society Archive, Section V: Missions to the Americas, Parts 2-3. Reference copies of the microfilms are available in Cadbury Research Library located in microfilm drawers B2, B3, B7 and C8 (for the latter see Addendum reel: additional C C1 O).
Microfilm in the Public Archives of Canada: The original organisation of the papers under the overall superintendence of the Committee of Correspondence was divided into two chronological sequences. For the period before 1868 there were groups of papers relating to such matters as correspondence with bishops, medical certificates, indents and printed papers; there were also papers and journals for the individual missionaries and agents etc Then from 1869 till 1880 the documents were arranged roughly in years in the order in which they were entered in the mission books. With no detailed indexes or finding aids this arrangement is awkward and the first archivist (1951-53) had wisely decided to incorporate the 1869-80 documents in the pre-1868 method of arrangement. This re-arrangement had not been done for Canada when the bulk of the series (mainly pre-1890) was microfilmed in 1955 for the Public Archives of Canada, but had been completed by 1959 when the present archivist was appointed The catalogue of the series now, therefore, bears no relationship to the order of the documents on the microfilm [as listed in the transcript of the film A-480 'CMS Finding Aid']*; and although an attempt has been made with the small British Columbia section to identify each individual item on the microfilm, the sheer magnitude of the task has prevented a similar attempt being made for the North-West Canada mission. It is regretted that some items on the microfilm list were not found when the present catalogue was compiled
*A copy of this was presented to the CMS Archives Office in 1965 by the Ecclesiastical Province Of Rupert's and may be consulted by researchers.