|Finding Number (Click this to view full catalogue structure)||CFGM|
|Title||The Masterman Papers|
|Thumbnail (Click this image to open a larger image)|
|Description||The collection comprises letters, manuscripts and printed material relating to Charles Masterman; his wife Lucy (nee Lyttelton); their children and their families; and many Masterman, Lyttelton and Stuart-Wortley relatives. Topics and people covered in the letters include Charles Masterman's political career and political events, 1907-1927; Charles and Lucy Masterman's literary work; family matters, particularly the Masterman children and family finances; Masterman and Lyttelton relatives; political and literary friends. |
All aspects of Masterman's life and career are represented in the collection from his school days at Weymouth College to his early death in 1927, particularly his work as an MP and government minister (1906-15) and his writings and journalism. The material includes memoirs written by his mother and other members of the Masterman family; volumes of letters from school friends; school and university notebooks; letters to his wife Lucy before and after their marriage (some written during House of Commons debates); a diary written in 1901, when he was living in Camberwell; correspondence with politicians (Herbert Asquith, David Lloyd George, Winston Churchill, Sir Edward Grey, W H Beveridge, Herbert Samuel, Augustine Birrell to name but a few) and writers, including John Buchan, Arnold Bennett, H G Wells and Ford Madox Ford; printed and typescript papers - many annotated by Masterman - relating to the work of government departments (including the Home Office, the National Health Insurance Commission, the Cabinet, and Wellington House) and to the work of the Liberal Party (including the Liberal Land Enquiry and the Liberal Industrial Enquiry); and notes for political speeches. The collection also includes manuscripts, typescripts, proofs and printed copies of some of Masterman's books and many of his periodicals and newspaper contributions.
Included in the archive are letters which Lucy wrote to her husband between 1907-1927; letters to her parents and sisters; correspondence concerning the fate of individual refugees in Britain, 1939-1945; copies of the diaries, which she kept between 1908-1913, when Charles was a member of Asquith's governments, as well as other memoirs; manuscript, typescripts, proofs and printed copies of her poems, articles and book reviews; background material and drafts of her biography of Charles Masterman; also drafts of a number of other unpublished literary works.
|Notes||The image of Charles Masterman at Fonds level is from CFGM/69/4.|
|Arrangement||The archive has been arranged into 70 sections:|
CFGM/1: FAMILY LETTERS
CFGM/2: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LETTERS, SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY AND EARLY LIFE TO 1908.
CFGM/3: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LETTERS, ELECTIONS, CONSTITUENCY AFFAIRS AND GOVERNMENT APPOINTMENTS, 1903-14
CFGM/4: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LETTERS, POLITICAL AND LITERARY AFFAIRS, 1908-14
CFGM/5: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LETTERS, ELECTIONS & GOVERNMENT APPOINTMENTS, 1914-18.
CFGM/6: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LETTERS, WORLD WAR I, 1914-18
CFGM/7: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LETTERS, INVOLVEMENT IN PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS, 1918 ONWARDS.
CFGM/8: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LETTERS, RUSHOLME CONSTITUENCY MATTERS.
CFGM/9: CHARLES MASTERMAN, LETTERS, OTHER LETTERS RELATING TO LIBERAL PARTY MATTERS, 1919 ONWARDS.
CFGM/10: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LETTERS. OTHER POLITICAL LETTERS, 1919 ONWARDS.
CFGM/11: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LETTERS, LITERARY MATTERS.
CFGM/12: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LETTERS. BEMBRIDGE SCHOOL & YELLOW SANDS CAMPS.
CFGM/13: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LETTERS, MISCELLANEOUS TOPICS.
CFGM/14: CHARLES MASTERMAN, LETTERS, DEATH OF CHARLES MASTERMAN.
CFGM/15: CHARLES MASTERMAN, LETTERS, LUCY MASTERMAN'S BIOGRAPHY OF CHARLES MASTERMAN
CFGM/16: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS, EARLY LIFE TO 1908.
CFGM/17: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS, ENGAGEMENT AND MARRIAGE OF CHARLES AND LUCY MASTERMAN.
CFGM/18: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS. POLITICAL & SOCIAL LIFE, 1908-27.
CFGM/19: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS. POLITICAL & SOCIAL AFFAIRS, 1908-27.
CFGM/20: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS. ATTEMPTS TO ENTER PARLIAMENT, 1928-31.
CFGM/21: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS. INVOLVEMENT IN LIBERAL POLITICS, 1927 ONWARDS
CFGM/22: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS. WORLD WAR TWO REFUGEES.
CFGM/23: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS. OTHER SOCIAL & POLITICAL INTERESTS.
CFGM/24: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS. LITERARY & MEDIA ACTIVITIES
CFGM/25: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS, STAFF AND FRIENDS ASSOCIATED WITH BEMBRIDGE AND OTHER SCHOOLS.
CFGM/26: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS. THE CARE OF THE MASTERMAN CHILDREN.
CFGM/27: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS, DOMESTIC, BUSINESS & MISCELLANEOUS OTHER MATTERS.
CFGM/28: LUCY MASTERMAN - LETTERS, POLITICAL AND OTHER FRIENDS, 1927 ONWARDS.
CFGM/29: MEMOIRS AND DIARIES.
CFGM/30: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PAPERS, SCHOOL & UNIVERSITY
CFGM/31: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PAPERS, POLITICS 1906-1914
CFGM/32: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PAPERS, WORLD WAR I, 1914-1918.
CFGM/33: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PAPERS, POLITICS, 1918-1927.
CFGM/34: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PAPERS, LIBERAL LAND ENQUIRY.
CFGM/35: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PAPERS, LIBERAL INDUSTRIAL ENQUIRY.
CFGM/36: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LITERARY PAPERS - BOOKS.
CFGM/37: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LITERARY PAPERS - COLLECTIONS OF ESSAYS.
CFGM/38: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LITERARY PAPERS - NEWSPAPER, PERIODICAL AND OTHER ARTICLES.
CFGM/39: CHARLES MASTERMAN - LITERARY PAPERS. GALLEYPROOFS.
CFGM/40: CHARLES MASTERMAN - MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS & EPHEMERA
CFGM/41: LUCY MASTERMAN - PAPERS. EARLY LIFE, 1884-1908.
CFGM/42: LUCY MASTERMAN - PAPERS. MARRIAGE, 1908.
CFGM/43: LUCY MASTERMAN - PAPERS. THE LIBERAL PARTY.
CFGM/44: LUCY MASTERMAN - PAPERS, OTHER SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CONCERNS.
CFGM/45: LUCY MASTERMAN - LITERARY PAPERS, VERSE.
CFGM/46: LUCY MASTERMAN - LITERARY PAPERS. FICTION AND ARTICLES.
CFGM/47: LUCY MASTERMAN - LITERARY PAPERS. PLAYS.
CFGM/48: LUCY MASTERMAN - PAPERS. FINANCES AND CHILD CARE.
CFGM/49: LUCY MASTERMAN - PAPERS. MISCELLANEOUS EPHEMERA.
CFGM/50: MASTERMAN CHILDREN & MASTERMAN & LYTTELTON RELATIVES - PAPERS.
CFGM/51: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PRINTED MATERIAL, WEYMOUTH COLLEGE.
CFGM/52: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PRINTED MATERIAL, CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY.
CFGM/53: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PRINTED WORKS, OFFICIAL PUBLICATIONS AND OTHER GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS RELATING TO HIS POLITICAL ACTIVITIES.
CFGM/54: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PRINTED WORKS, OTHER PRINTED WORKS RELATING TO HIS POLITICAL AND SOCIAL ACTIVITIES.
CFGM/55: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PRINTED WORKS, BOOKS AND CONTRIBUTIONS TO BOOKS BY CHARLES MASTERMAN.
CFGM/56: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PRINTED WORKS, PERIODICAL ARTICLES BY CHARLES MASTERMAN.
CFGM/57: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PRINTED WORKS. NEWSPAPER ARTICLES.
CFGM/58: CHARLES MASTERMAN - OTHER PRINTED MATERIAL.
CFGM/59: CHARLES MASTERMAN - PRINTED MATERIAL ABOUT CHARLES MASTERMAN.
CFGM/60: LUCY MASTERMAN - PRINTED MATERIAL. POLITICAL, SOCIAL AND OTHER INTERESTS.
CFGM/61: LUCY MASTERMAN - PRINTED WORKS, VERSE BY LUCY MASTERMAN.
CFGM/62: LUCY MASTERMAN - PRINTED WORKS, JOURNAL ARTICLES BY LUCY MASTERMAN.
CFGM/63: LUCY MASTERMAN - OTHER PRINTED MATERIAL.
CFGM/64: MASTERMAN CHILDREN.
CFGM/65: PRINTED WORKS BY OR RELATING TO RELATIVES OF THE MASTERMANS.
CFGM/66: PRINTED MATERIAL, LOOSE PRESS CUTTINGS.
CFGM/67: SCRAPBOOKS AND COMMONPLACE BOOKS.
CFGM/68: PRESENTATION ALBUMS.
CFGM/70: MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS.
|To distinguish between the three Margaret Mastermans, who feature in the archive, they are listed as follows:|
Margaret M Braithwaite = Margaret Mary Masterman (1910-87), Charles and Lucy Masterman's eldest daughter;
Margaret H Masterman = Margaret Hanson Masterman, nee Gurney (1844-1931), Charles Masterman's mother;
Daisy Masterman = Margaret Gurney Masterman (1872-1938), sister of Charles Masterman.
|Access Conditions||Access to all registered researchers|
|Copyright||Permission to make any published use of any material from the collection must be sought in advance in writing from the Director of Special Collections. Identification of copyright holders of unpublished material is often difficult. Special Collections will assist where possible with identifying copyright owners, but responsibility for ensuring copyright clearance rests with the user of the material.|
|Finding Aids||The extensive paper handlist is available as a pdf file. Click on the link in the document field below. A paper copy is also available in the Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections Department.|
Please note an error in the original paper handlist, catalogued in 1996, with the surname of the husband of Margaret Lucy Lyttelton (born 1882): her husband was Lancelot Becher (not Becker); and their children were Lucy and Clare Becher.
|Administrative History||Masterman, Charles Frederick Gurney (1874-1927), politician, author and journalist.|
Charles Masterman (1873-1927) was a Liberal politician who served as a Member of Parliament from 1906 to 1914 and again from 1923 to 1924. He held a series of government posts between 1908 and 1915 and played an important part in the preparation and implementation of the National Insurance Act of 1911 and in the organisation of British government propaganda during World War I. He was a prolific writer, publishing a number of books and contributing articles and reviews to newspapers and periodicals of the time.
Lucy Masterman, Charles's wife, (1884-1977), was the daughter of General Sir Neville Lyttelton and Lady Katherine (née Stuart-Wortley). Before her marriage, Lucy had already earned a reputation as a poet. During her lifetime she published several volumes of verse, as well as contributing poetry, reviews and historical articles to newspapers and magazines over a period of 60 years. Her major literary work was her biography of Charles Masterman, published in 1939. After the death of her husband, Lucy continued to lead an energetic political life. She fought the Salisbury seat for the Liberal party unsuccessfully in the 1929 and 1931 General Elections and maintained an active correspondence with Liberal politicians until the 1970s. She had many interests, particularly the role of women, the plight of World War II refugees and prison reform.
|Acquisition||The Masterman Papers were purchased by the University Library (through Sotheby's) from the Masterman family in 1985. Additions, 1985-1996, The late O L Professor Hood-Phillips presented to the University Library a number of books, pamphlets and journals relating to Charles Masterman's old school, Weymouth College. These have been added to the Masterman archive.|
Among the items purchased from the Masterman family in 1985 were manuscripts, printed papers and letters relating to John Payne, the Victorian poet and translator. These are now housed separately from the Masterman papers (see Reference: JPC).
|Related Material||The Cadbury Research Library holds other collections of papers of and relating to the Masterman family: the literary papers of Margaret Braithwaite (nee Masterman) (MS122); Masterman family papers (MS298); and miscellaneous papers of the Masterman and Braithwaite Family Papers (MS123).|
Also held are papers of other 20th century political figures including Joseph Chamberlain, Austen Chamberlain, Neville Chamberlain, Anthony Eden and Oswald Mosley
|Publication Note||Published articles which have used the collection:|
Geraldine McFarlane, 'A Vice-Regal Pair: Lady Northcote and Lady Talbot in Melbourne 1904-1908' in Victorian Historical Journal, Volume 78, No. 1, May 2007